Allergy/Asthma Information Association

Food Groups

Please note: If you have a food allergy, it is important to consult an allergist to find out exactly which foods you need to avoid. Being allergic to one member of a food family does not necessarily mean that you will have to avoid all foods in that food family.


1. Amphibians frog
2. Birds (flesh and organs) chicken, cornish hen, duck, goose, grouse, guinea hen(fowl), partridge, pheasant, pigeon, quail, squab, turkey
3. Crustaceans crab, crayfish, lobster, prawn, shrimp
4. Eggs (bird) ovomucoid, ovovitellin. white, whole, yolk
5. Fish (representative families)
Acipenseridae sturgeon (caviar)
Anguillidae eel
Argentinidae smelt
Carangidae pompano
Centrarchidae black bass, crappie, sunfish
Clupeidae herring, sardine, shad, sprat
Cyprinidae carp
Esocidae muskellunge, pickerel, pike
Gadidae cod, haddock, hake, pollack, scrod
Mugilidae mullet
Percidae perch
Pleuronectidae flounder, halibut
Salmonidae grayling, salmon, trout, whitefish
Scienidae croaker, drum, redfish, sea trout, weakfish
Scrombridae bonito, mackerel, tuna
Serranidae grouper, rockfish, white bass
Siluridae bullhead, catfish
Soleidae sole
Sparidae porgy, red snapper
Stolephoridae anchovy
Xyphidae swordfish
6. Red meats (flesh and internal organs)
a. Bovidae cow (beef, calf, steer, veal), gelatin, goat, ox, sheep (lamb, mutton), sweetbread
b. Suidae pig, bacon, boar, ham, hog, pork, sausage, scrapple, sow, swine
7. Milk products (cow, goat) butter, buttermilk, casein, cheese, cream (sour, whipped), ice cream, lactalbumin, milk (condensed, evaporated, homogenized, powdered, raw, skimmed), selected infant formulas, yogurt
8. Mollusks abalone, clam, cockle, mussel, octopus, oyster, quahog, scallop, snail (escargot), squid
9. Reptiles alligator, crocodile, rattlesnake, terrapin, turtle


10. Apple family apple (cider, vinegar), crabapple, pear, quince, quinceseed
11. Banana family banana, plantain
12. Beech family beechnut, chestnut, chinquapin
13. Birch family filbert, hazelnut, wintergreen
14. Buckwheat family buckwheat, rhubarb, sorrel
15. Cashew family cashew, mango, pistachio
16. Citrus family citron, grapefruit, kumquat, lemon, lime, orange, tangelo, tangerine
17. Cola nut family chocolate (cocoa), cola (kola) nut
18. Fungi mushroom, truffle, yeast (baker's, brewer's, distiller's, margarine, lactose-fermenting, lager beer)
19. Ginger family cardamon (cardamom, cardamum), East Indian arrowroot, ginger, turmeric
20. Goosefoot family beet, lamb's quarters, spinach, Swiss chard
21. Gourd (melon) family cantaloupe (muskmelon), casaba (winter muskmelon), Chinese watermelon, citron melon, cucumber, gherkin, honeydew melon, Persian melon, pumpkin, summer squash, watermelon, winter squash
22. Grape family champagne, grape, raisin, vinegar (wine), wine (grape)
23. Grass (cereal) family bamboo, barley, corn (maize), hominy, malt (germinated grain), millet, oat, popcorn, rice, rye, sorghum, sugar cane, wheat (bran, germ, gliadin, globulin, glutenin, leucosin, proteose, whole)
24. Heath family black huckleberry, blueberry, cranberry, wintergreen
25. Laurel family avocado, bay leaf, cinnamon, sassafras
26. Lecythis family Brazil nut
27. Lily family aloe, asparagus, chives, garlic, leek, onion, sarsaparilla, shallot
28. Madder family coffee
29. Mallow family cottonseed, marshmallow. okra (gumbo)
30. Mint Family balm, basil, catnip, hoarhound, Japanese artichoke, lavender, marjoram, mint, oregano, peppermint, rosemary, sage, savory, spearmint, thyme
31. Morning glory family sweet potato, yam
32. Mulberry family breadfruit, breadnut, fig, hop
33. Mustard family broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, garden cress, horseradish, kale, kohlrabi, mustard, radish, rutabaga, turnip, watercress
34. Myrtle family allspice, cloves, guava, myrtle, pimento
35. Nightshade family bell pepper, cayenne pepper, chili (paprika) (red pepper), eggplant, ground cherry, melon peat, potato (white), strawberry tomato, tobacco, tomato, tree tomato
36. Nutmeg family mace, nutmeg
37. Olive family jasmine, olive
38. Orchid family vanilla
39. Palm family cabbage palm, coconut, date
40. Papaya family papain, papaya
41. Parsley family anise, caraway, carrot, celeriac, celery, coriander, dill, fennel, parsley, parsnip
42. Pea (legume) family acacia, alfalfa, black-eyed pea (cowpea), broad bean (fava bean), carob bean (St. John's bread), chick pea (garbanzo), common bean (kidney, navy, pinto. string or green), Jack bean, lentil, licorice, lima bean, mesquite, pea, peanut, soybean, tamarind, tragacanth
43. Pepper family black pepper
44. Pine family juniper, pine nut (Pignolia)
45. Pineapple family pineapple
46. Plum family almond, apricot, cherry, peach, nectarine, plum, prune
47. Poppy family poppyseed
48. Rose family black raspberry, blackberry, boysenberry, dewberry, loganberry, red raspberry, strawberry
49. Saxifrage family currant, gooseberry
50. Sunflower (composite, aster) family absinthe (sagebrush, wormwood), artichoke, camomile, chicory, dandelion, endive, escarole, Jerusalem artichoke, lettuce, oyster plant (salsify), safflower, sunflower seed, tansy, tarragon
51. Tea family tea
52. Walnut family black walnut, butternut, English walnut, hickory nut, pecan

This botanical list of food families was originally published
by Schering Canada Inc and is used with permission.

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